Introduction dating methods
How do you think archaeologists date artifacts and sites?
You may have answered “carbon dating.” And you’re right!
On the other level, the exact years may not be known, but it is known that one feature is earlier or later in relation to another; this is typically the case on an excavation, where the different archaeological strata allow objects found to be placed in a relative historical framework.
For a long period in the 20th century Egyptian and Near Eastern chronology seemed to be the earliest of absolute chronologies, and imports from these areas were used to reconstruct the chronology of European prehistory.
Thus, 3700 Tree-ring dating: Most trees produce a ring of new wood each year, visible as circles when looking at the cross section of a piece of wood.
The annual rings vary in size, depending on the weather conditions in each region, but they are similar for all trees of the same area.
The contrast might also be drawn between two 'dimensions', the historical, and the archaeological, corresponding roughly to the short-term and long-term history envisaged by Fernand Braudel.
Archaeologists use a combination of relative and absolute dating methods to help them interpret the past.In archaeology, the gradual changes in motifs were exploited systematically as a dating method by researchers from Montelius onwards.In Egyptology the method was first used by Petrie for dating the Naqada period, from the development of the so-called wavy-handled pottery.Fragments of such lists survived ('Palermo stone'); none of them is well enough preserved to solve every detail of absolute chronology.The main surviving kinglists from ancient Egypt beside the 'Palermo Stone' are hieroglyphic inscriptions of Thutmose III (Karnak, probably a list of statues displaced in temple construction), Sety I and Ramses II (both at Abydos), and a fragmentary hieratic manuscript from Thebes (Turin Canon).